Macchiato comes from the Italian word that means “stained”. Quite literally it is a short espresso with a dollop of steamed milk foam added to it, one to two teaspoons max. In America there is some confusion as to what a macchiato is because of Starbucks which sells a long coffee drink with caramel flavor added to it that it calls a macchiato. To distinguish the true macchiato from the one on offer at Starbucks, you will find many coffee shops refer to a true machiatto as an “espresso macchiato”. A true Macchiato should look like the one in this picture. Most often they are made in full-sized cups (12oz) and the amount of milk foam that is heaped on top of them turns them into a cappuccino.